Political science is a broad discipline that encompasses a various approaches to the study of politics, power, and governance. Traditionally, political science has been approached through several methodologies, including philosophical, historical, comparative, and empirical methods.

Political science is a useful subject for various academic institutions, including law schools, business schools, international relations and diplomacy, public administration and policy studies, political science and government departments, and social science and humanities departments.

Learn about the theories and concept of various schools and institutions –

1. Law Schools2. Business Schools
3. International Relations4. Public Administration
5. Public Policy6. Political Science

It provides a comprehensive understanding of political systems, institutions, and processes, and the impact of political decisions on society and the economy. The study of political science is crucial for a wide range of disciplines, as it provides a deep understanding of the political world and the forces that shape it.

Learn about various traditional approaches to the study of Political Science

S.No.Traditional Approaches
1.Philosophical Method
2.Historical Method
3.Comparative Method
4.Empirical Method

1. Philosophical Approach

  • The approach is based on the ideas of great political thinkers like Plato, Aristotle, and Hobbes.
  • It seeks to understand fundamental questions about the nature of power, justice, and the role of the state.
  • Examines the concepts of political power, democracy, justice, and the nature of the state.
  • The approach is highly abstract and theoretical, and is more concerned with understanding the underlying principles of politics than with analyzing specific political systems.
  • It provides a deeper understanding of political concepts, ideologies, and beliefs.
  • The philosophical approach is especially useful in providing a theoretical framework for understanding politics.
  • However, it may be less helpful in explaining the practical realities of politics and governance.
  • This approach is also subject to interpretation, as political philosophers may have differing views on the same concepts.

2. Historical Approach

  • This approach examines how political systems, institutions, and ideas have evolved over time.
  • It provides a rich understanding of the evolution of political thought and helps us understand how political systems have changed and why.
  • The historical approach is especially useful in understanding the origins and development of political institutions and ideas.
  • This approach also sheds light on how political practices have changed over time, and how different political systems have responded to challenges and opportunities.
  • It also provides a better understanding of the historical context of political events and decisions.
  • The historical approach, however, may not provide a complete picture of the present-day political situation.
  • The interpretation of historical events is also subjective and depends on the historian’s perspective.

3. Comparative Approach

  • This approach compares different political systems, institutions, and practices in order to understand similarities and differences between them.
  • It is used to compare different forms of government such as democracies and autocracies.
  • It analyzes the political systems of different countries to understand the relationships between them.
  • The comparative approach provides a broader understanding of politics by comparing and contrasting different political systems.
  • It also helps to identify best practices and common challenges in different political systems.
  • However, this approach may not be applicable to all political systems and may have limitations when comparing dissimilar systems.
  • The comparative approach also relies on the availability of accurate and comparable data, which may not always be available.

4. Empirical Approach

  • This approach uses quantitative and qualitative methods to test theories and understand political phenomena.
  • It is based on the collection and analysis of data, and is often used to study political attitudes, voting behavior, and policy outcomes.
  • The empirical approach provides a more scientific and data-driven understanding of politics.
  • It allows for the testing of theories and the development of new theories based on evidence.
  • The empirical approach is also highly useful in understanding specific political phenomena, such as the effects of a particular policy or the attitudes of the public towards a particular issue.
  • However, it may not provide a complete understanding of politics, as it may not take into account the complexities of the political system.
  • The empirical approach also relies on the accuracy of data collection and analysis, which may be subject to errors or biases.

Each approach has its own strengths and weaknesses, and political scientists often employ a combination of these methodologies to gain a more comprehensive understanding of politics. By combining these approaches, political scientists can gain a deeper understanding of political phenomena and the forces that shape our political world.

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