Training is the very first paradigm for achieving the targeted goals. In other words, Training is a part of doing a particular activity more efficiently and productively. To develop human resources to their full extent, Training is essential. Training focuses on developing the specific skill set of the person to meet the desired standard with the proper guidance and practice.
For the growth & development of human resources in terms of gaining knowledge, skills, experience, and prestige, Training could be an essential tool. Training helps reduce errors while doing a particular task, especially when difficulty levels are high. Hence, the productivity and quality of work of the employees increased.
Definitions of Training
There are two essential scholars, namely Edwin Flippo and Dale S. Beach, who defines the Training as follows –
First, as per Edwin Flippo, “the training is the act of increasing an employee’s skills for doing a particular job.”
Secondly, according to the Dale S. Beach – “Training is the organized procedure by which people learn knowledge and skill for a definite purpose.” More briefly, Training is a part of the teaching and learning process that helps nourish an employee’s knowledge, skills, values, and standard to carry out a particular task more efficiently.
Why need Training?
The need for Training is an intrinsic part of the human development and growth of the organization. It’s a growing fact that a trained professional can work more proficiently and handle the given task better than an untrained person. Due to lack of Training, an untrained person can suffer many problems while executing his job task, such as losing confidence, hypertension, continuous mistakes, low productivity, lesser income, no growth prospect, etc.
Therefore, Training needs to be provided to every person irrespective of skills, knowledge, and nature of the organization (private and public), so that person can work correctly under the proper guidance.
Aside, the need for Training comes from several reasons, such as Organizational Complexity, Changed Environment, Internal Movement, Human Relations, etc. Let’s understand in brief the following reasons –
The world is in continuous movement and, over time, has witnessed many changes in society. Society has seen many changes, such as scientific innovation, technological advancement or upgradation, digital revolution, etc. It creates a new problem of skill gap across the different economic sectors. Therefore, to fulfill all these requirements requires new skills and knowledge, which can only be possible through Training. As society grows complex and diversified, Training has become a must to cope with the changing environment.
Society has grown more complex and diversified over time. Now, it is the age of modernization and computerization, which uses digital and mechanical instruments or equipment for carrying out day-to-day activities. Here Training plays significant plays a significant role when it comes to acquiring advanced knowledge and skills in a particular field.
Internal Movement within the Organization
The need for Training arises when an employee working in the organization gets promoted and transferred to a different department. It requires specific Training related to that particular work profile. Training also becomes essential to equip employees with new skills, knowledge, and technologies. With the proper Training and guidance, an employee may work efficiently in any organization.
Discipline Guidance within Organization
The need for Training comes when it is to maintain a healthy relationship between the behaviors of Managers, employers, and employees. Better disciplinary guidance during the training program can do the miracle as the employee will be well-versed in managing multiple things in good care. Training is fundamental for establishing and maintaining good relations in the organization.
Strike a balance between Employee Specification and Organizational Requirement
There is always a skill and knowledge gap between the employee’s specifications and Organizational requirements. To Fill-the-gap training plays a pivotal role. Training equips the new joiners and employees know about the functions and mechanization of the job role. No matter how much skills and training an employee possess, it is futile when it comes to understanding the different environment of the organization.
Importance of Training
Training is fundamental for every organization to interact with employees with the Do and Don’t of the particular job. Its importance lies in the fact that the specific department is formed to supervise the Training at every organization from varying levels, whether big or small. This particular segment in the organization is known as Human Resources (HRs).
The healthy and progressive nature of the organization depends upon the quality training that an employee learns while working under the organization. Training is an essential part of every organization, whether private or public, as it helps in the timely delivery of the service to its ends. Extended Training for an employee will become an asset for the company, deliver productive results, and help in the overall growth and development of the company or organization. It may reduce wastage and provide quality results.
Best 5 Types of Training
There are mainly five types of Training such as – Induction Training (Orientation Training), Refresher Training, Job Instruction, Vestibule, and Promotion Training, which has been explained in brief below –
Orientation Training (Phase-1)
Orientation training, also known as induction training, is the first phase of the training program solely given to the trainees or the new recruiters of the company or organization. It is essential because it provides basic knowledge about the organization’s functioning and environment. It makes the new recruiters familiarised with the company’s and organizations’ policies, procedures, and code of conduct.
On-Job Instruction Training (Phase-2)
In the job instruction training, you will be aligned with the professional trainer or senior team associates, who may have to possess deep knowledge about the field. He will give you instructions and guidance for practicing the actual work. If required, additional Training can be provided to the employees.
It is a training given to the employees outside of their workplace. It is based on the actual work performed by the employees.
Refresher training is also known as promotional Training given to the employees to upgrade their present skills and equip them with the latest technology and developments. This kind of Training is often given to employees who have recently been promoted and would be promoted.