3 Min Read

The Estimates Committee of India performs several crucial functions that help ensure transparency and accountability in the utilization of public funds in the country. The Functions of ECI are as follows -Examination of Budget Estimates, Examination of Accounts of the Union Government, Scrutinizing Expenditure, Examination of Accounts of State Corporations and Autonomous Bodies, Examination of Expenditure in Excess of Grants, Advising on Budget Presentation and Alternate Policies, Reporting to the Parliament, Working within Policy Limits, and Enhancing Transparency.


Cripps Mission (1942) | Background, Purpose, Proposal, Failure, and Impact

9 Min Read

The Cripps Mission in 1942, led by British minister Stafford Cripps, aimed to secure Indian support for Britain in World War II. Cripps, a member of the left-wing Labour Party and the War Cabinet, was sent to negotiate with nationalist Congress leaders and Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Cripps offered the promise of self-government (Dominion status) after the war in exchange for India’s loyalty.


Government Of India Act 1935 | Indian Polity Notes

4 Min Read

The Government of India Act 1935 was a major reform legislation passed by the British Parliament to provide a new constitution for British India. It aimed to increase representation of Indians in the government and establish a federal structure with powers divided between the central and provincial governments. The act served as the basis for India’s government until the country’s independence in 1947.


Morley-Minto Reforms (Indian Councils Act 1909)

4 Min Read

The Indian Councils Act of 1909, also known as Morley-Minto Reforms was a historic piece of legislation that implemented reforms recommended by Lord Morley, the Secretary of States for India, and Lord Minto, the Viceroy. The act aimed to increase the participation of Indians in the governance of their own country and introduced reforms to the composition and functions of the Indian Legislative Councils.