The Estimates Committee of India performs several crucial functions that help ensure transparency and accountability in the utilization of public funds in the country. The Functions of ECI are as follows -Examination of Budget Estimates, Examination of Accounts of the Union Government, Scrutinizing Expenditure, Examination of Accounts of State Corporations and Autonomous Bodies, Examination of Expenditure in Excess of Grants, Advising on Budget Presentation and Alternate Policies, Reporting to the Parliament, Working within Policy Limits, and Enhancing Transparency.
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The Cripps Mission in 1942, led by British minister Stafford Cripps, aimed to secure Indian support for Britain in World War II. Cripps, a member of the left-wing Labour Party and the War Cabinet, was sent to negotiate with nationalist Congress leaders and Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Cripps offered the promise of self-government (Dominion status) after the war in exchange for India’s loyalty.
The Government of India Act 1935 was a major reform legislation passed by the British Parliament to provide a new constitution for British India. It aimed to increase representation of Indians in the government and establish a federal structure with powers divided between the central and provincial governments. The act served as the basis for India’s government until the country’s independence in 1947.
The Simon Commission was a British government-appointed commission that was formed in November 1927 to study the possibility of further constitutional reforms in India in the 1920s. The Simon Commission was comprised of seven members, all of whom were British, including Sir John Simon, who was the Chairman of the Commission.
The Government of India Act 1919, also known as the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, was a landmark piece of legislation enacted by the British Parliament. It was introduced by Edwin Samuel Montagu, the Secretary of State for India, and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy of India.
The Indian Councils Act of 1909, also known as Morley-Minto Reforms was a historic piece of legislation that implemented reforms recommended by Lord Morley, the Secretary of States for India, and Lord Minto, the Viceroy. The act aimed to increase the participation of Indians in the governance of their own country and introduced reforms to the composition and functions of the Indian Legislative Councils.
The Indian Council Act of 1861 was a landmark piece of legislation in the history of British…
The Government of India Act 1858 marked a significant turning point in the history of British colonial rule in India. It was the first statute for the governance of India under the direct rule of the British Government, and its passage marked the transfer of control of India from the East India Company to the British Crown.
The Charter Act of 1853 was the last of the Charter Acts that were passed by the British Parliament to govern the administration of British India by the East India Company. This act brought about several important changes in the system of Indian legislation that had a lasting impact on the country’s political and economic landscape.