The Charter Act of 1853 was the last of the Charter Acts that were passed by the British Parliament to govern the administration of British India by the East India Company. This act brought about several important changes in the system of Indian legislation that had a lasting impact on the country’s political and economic landscape.
The Charter Act of 1853 was passed following a report of the then Governor General, Lord Dalhousie, for improving the administration of the East India Company. Lord Dalhousie was of the view that there was a need for a more efficient and effective system of governance in India, and the Charter Act of 1853 was an attempt to address this need.
Key Changes in Charter Act of 1853
|Appointment of a separate Governor for Bengal||Improved efficiency of the governance system by separating the governance of Bengal from other provinces.|
|Separation of legislative and administrative functions of the Council||Improved efficiency of the administration by separating the legislative and administrative functions of the council.|
|Recruitment of the Company’s employees through competitive exams||Ensured that the company’s employees were well-qualified and capable of efficiently performing their duties.|
|Empowerment of the British Parliament to put the Company’s governance of India to an end at any suitable time||Ensured that the company’s governance of India was always in line with the best interests of the British government.|
The Charter Act of 1853 Impact on India
The Charter Act of 1853 had a significant impact on the administration and governance of British India.
The changes introduced by this act helped to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the East India Company’s administration in India and laid the foundation for the country’s economic development.
The act was primarily intended to serve the interests of the British East India Company, but ultimately had a lasting impact on the people of India and the course of the country’s history.
In conclusion, the Charter Act of 1853 was a critical event in the history of British India. The act brought about several important changes in the system of Indian legislation that had a lasting impact on the country’s political and economic landscape.
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