The Charter Act of 1813 was a significant event in the history of British India. This act, passed by the British Parliament, brought about administrative and legislative reforms in India that had a lasting impact on the country’s political and economic landscape.

Economic Reforms

  • Abolition of the trade monopoly of the East India Company
  • Enlargement of the powers of the three Councils of Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta
  • Subjection of the Councils to greater control of the British Parliament
  • Opening up of new economic opportunities for British merchants and entrepreneurs

Administrative Reforms

  • Enlargement of the powers of the Governor-General and his council
  • Introduction of district collectors and magistrates
  • Creation of a system of legislative councils
  • Establishment of a system of courts, including a Supreme Court

Religious Reforms

  • Allowing Christian Missionaries to spread their religion in India

Financial Reforms

  • Empowerment of local autonomous bodies to levy taxes