Political Science is a social science that deals with the study of government and politics. Class 11 Political Science focuses on the basics of Political Science and its various aspects. Chapter 1 Political Theory: An Introduction, provides a comprehensive overview of What is Politics and political theory, and analysis of why we should study it.

What you will learn here:

In this section, you will get to find and learn about NCERT Solution on Chapter 1 of Political Science.

Solved NCERT Exercise
Additional Question On Political Theory from Political Science Exampler
Short-Answer Type Questions
Long Answer Type Questions

By the end of this chapter, you will have a comprehensive understanding of Political Theory and its various aspects, and be able to apply this knowledge to analyze political situations.

Solved NCERT Exercise

Question 1: Which of the following statements are true/false about Political Theory?

  • A) It discusses ideas that form the basis of political institutions.
  • B) It explains the relationship between different religions.
  • C) It explains the meanings of concepts like equality and freedom.
  • D) It predicts the performance of political parties.

Answer 1: A) True, B) False, C) True, D) False

Question 2: Politics is more than what politicians do. Do you agree with the statement? Give Examples.

Answer 2:

Yes, I agree that politics is more than what politicians do. Politics is not just the actions and decisions made by elected officials or those who hold public office, but it encompasses the entire system and processes that govern a society. This includes the creation and implementation of laws, policies, and regulations, as well as the distribution of resources and power within a community.

For example, politics affects the way we live, work, and interact with others. It impacts the allocation of funds for education, healthcare, and infrastructure, and it influences the way issues like crime, poverty, and equality are addressed. Moreover, politics plays a crucial role in determining the rights and freedoms of individuals, as well as the relationship between the government and its citizens.

Therefore, politics is not just the actions of politicians, but it is a much broader concept that affects all aspects of society. Understanding this can help individuals to become more informed and engaged in the political process, and to work towards a more just and equitable society.

Question 3: Vigilant citizens are a must for the successful working of a democracy. Comment.

Answer 3:

Vigilant citizens play a critical role in the functioning of a successful democracy. A democratic system of government depends on the active participation of citizens in order to hold elected officials accountable and ensure that the government serves the needs and interests of the people.

Vigilant citizens are aware of political happenings and are better equipped to identify and address issues such as corruption, false promises, and conflicts of interest. They form public opinions, organize campaigns and demonstrations, and engage in debates to push for changes in laws and policies that benefit the greater good.

In addition, vigilant citizens play an important role in monitoring the actions of the government and ensuring that policies and laws do not harm the people or threaten their safety and security. By being aware and actively engaged in the political process, citizens can work towards creating a better society and a more just and equitable system of government.

Therefore, it can be concluded that vigilant citizens are essential for the successful working of a democracy, and their active participation and engagement are key to maintaining a vibrant and functioning democratic system.

Question 4: In what ways is the study of political theory useful for us? Identify four ways in which the political theory can be useful to us?

Answer 4:

The study of political theory is useful in several ways. Here are four ways in which political theory can be beneficial to us:

  1. Analytical Framework: Political theory provides an analytical framework that helps make sense of the complex relationships between political variables and helps us understand the political landscape.
  2. Comparative Studies: Political theory allows for comparative studies between various researchers and helps us verify the conclusions and identify areas that need further investigation.
  3. Setting Goals and Guidelines: Political theory helps set goals and guidelines for political aspirations and policies at different levels, allowing us to better understand our political priorities and what we hope to achieve.
  4. Developing Strategies and Programs: Political theory also helps us develop strategies and programs to achieve our political goals, both in terms of the ends and means. It provides us with a roadmap for creating a better political world.

In conclusion, the study of political theory provides us with a better understanding of politics, a framework for analyzing and interpreting political data, and a means for setting and achieving our political goals.

Question 5: Do you think that a good/ convincing argument can compel others to listen to you?

Answer 5:

Yes, A well-crafted argument has the potential to influence and encourage others to pay attention and consider one’s viewpoint. This is because people who are rational and open-minded tend to be drawn to debates and conversations that offer the opportunity to reach a better conclusion. Additionally, individuals are often impressed by logical and reasonable arguments that are presented in a convincing manner. When one puts effort into making a persuasive argument, it increases the likelihood that others will listen attentively. In debates or discussions, people often engage in order to clarify their doubts and be convinced by the arguments presented.

Question 6: Do you think studying political theory is like studying mathematics? Give reasons for your answer.

Answer 6:

No, studying political theory is not like studying mathematics. While both disciplines involve the use of abstract concepts and logical reasoning, there are some fundamental differences between them.

Mathematics is a field that is built on a foundation of well-established axioms and rules, and the goal is to discover new truths and patterns based on these principles. In contrast, political theory is concerned with understanding complex social and political phenomena and provides frameworks for analyzing and interpreting these phenomena. Political theory is more subjective in nature, as it involves making value judgments about what constitutes a just society, and what the role of government should be.

Furthermore, mathematics is characterized by a high degree of precision and certainty, whereas political theory often involves weighing conflicting values and interests. The conclusions and prescriptions that emerge from political theory are not always definitive or absolute, and may be subject to revision and revision in light of new evidence or changing circumstances.

In summary, while both disciplines require critical thinking and analytical skills, the nature of the questions being asked and the methods used to answer them are different in political theory and mathematics.