Political Science is a subject that deals with the study of political systems, governments, and the political behavior of individuals and groups. Class 11 is a crucial stage in the academic journey of students as it lays the foundation for higher studies. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the subject.

The ‘PSB Team’ has made a significant contribution to writing articles on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science. Our team consists of experienced and knowledgeable teachers who have years of experience in teaching and writing educational content. They have provided a detailed and accurate explanation of each chapter, making it easier for students to understand the concept and score better grades.

What You Will Learn:

In this article, you will find and learn about the NCERT Solution for Class 11 Political Science Chapter 2 Freedom. Here you can find textbook exercise solutions to for chapter 2 freedom.

Solved NCERT Exercise
Additional Question On Freedom from Political Science Exampler
Short-Answer Type Questions
Long Answer Type Questions

The chapter focuses on the concept of freedom and the various aspects of it. You will learn about the different types of freedom and their significance in the context of politics. The solution provides a comprehensive explanation of the various dimensions of freedom and the challenges faced by individuals in realizing freedom. It will help students to understand the significance of freedom in political science and its impact on society.

Solved NCERT Exercise

Question 1What is meant by Freedom? Is there a relationship between freedom for individual and freedom for nation?


Freedom refers to the ability to do things that are essential for one’s own development and do not harm others. There is a close relationship between individual and national freedom as the freedom of a nation can directly impact the freedom of its individuals and vice versa.

A free nation enables its citizens to fully utilize their creativity and capabilities, which are important factors in the development of a society. In a free society, individuals have the opportunity to reach their potential with the least amount of social constraints.

However, it is important to note that no society is completely free of constraints. It is necessary to evaluate and determine if these constraints are acceptable and justified. This evaluation can be achieved through open discussion and debate between individuals and society.

The development of a nation is also dependent on the cooperation, creativity, and capabilities of its individuals, which are best exercised in an environment free from external constraints.

Question 2What is the difference between the negative and positive conception of Liberty?


The negative conception of liberty views freedom as the absence of external constraints or interference, implying the right to do whatever one likes. However, this view can lead to a situation where the powerful have more control over the weaker, making them vulnerable to exploitation. This conception of liberty only takes into account the control over an individual’s actions, and not the source of that control. It is not necessarily tied to democracy.

On the other hand, the positive conception of liberty views freedom as the presence of enabling conditions that allow individuals to reach their full potential. This view recognizes that individuals may need support and resources in order to be truly free, and considers the role of the state or society in creating these conditions. The positive conception of liberty is concerned with the removal of hindrances, ensuring that all sections of society have access to desirable rights and are not hindering the progress of others. This view of freedom is concerned with ensuring the growth and development of all individuals, including the weak, poor, and marginalized.

Question 3What is meant by social constraints? Are constraints of any kind necessary for enjoying freedom?

Social constraints refer to the limitations or restrictions imposed by society on individual behavior that may not be authorized by individuals. The necessity of these constraints is a complex issue, as they can both protect social order and limit individual freedom.

For example, some groups may demand the banning of certain films, books, articles, or journals. While banning may provide a short-term solution to meet demands, it can be harmful in the long-term as it encourages the development of a restrictive mindset.

It’s important to note that freedom is not necessarily limited by constraints if they are willingly accepted in order to pursue goals or ambitions. On the other hand, if individuals are forced or coerced into accepting certain restrictions, their freedom is considered curtailed.

Ultimately, finding the right balance between individual freedom and social constraints requires a careful consideration of the needs of both individuals and society.

Question 4What is the role of the state in upholding freedom of its citizens?

Answer: The state has a crucial role in upholding the freedom of its citizens. The type of political system in place, whether it is a monarchy or a democratic state, largely determines the extent of freedom available to citizens. In a democratic state, the government is responsible for guaranteeing citizens their fundamental rights, which serve as a cornerstone of freedom.

The government must also ensure that it can effectively manage the army and police to maintain law and order and prevent violence, which can disrupt the daily lives of citizens and limit their freedom. Additionally, a welfare state, which is concerned with the well-being of its citizens, will work to protect the freedom of all individuals, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized.

In conclusion, the state has a vital role in safeguarding the freedom of its citizens by providing a stable political system, maintaining law and order, and ensuring equal opportunities for all.

Question 5What is meant by freedom of expression? What in your view would be a reasonable restriction on this freedom? Give examples.


Freedom of Expression:

Freedom of expression refers to the right to express one’s opinions, thoughts, beliefs, and ideas without censorship, restraint, or fear of retaliation. This freedom is essential for a healthy and functioning democratic society, as it allows individuals to engage in open and robust discourse, hold their governments accountable, and freely seek and receive information.

Rasonable Restrictions & Example:

Reasonable restrictions on freedom of expression may include protection from speech that incites violence, hate speech, child pornography, speech that infringes on copyright or other intellectual property rights, and speech that is considered obscene or offensive to public morality.

For example, in many countries, it is illegal to publicly promote hate speech against a particular group of people. Similarly, it is illegal to distribute child pornography, as it is harmful to children. These restrictions aim to balance the right to free expression with the need to protect the safety and well-being of others.